By tracing the history of rock and roll in Mexico and the rise of a native countercultural movement, this dissertation analyzes the complex interrelationship between the state, transnational culture industries, and popular cultureduring a period of rapid modernization and regime crisis. The dissertation argues that popular culture referents introduced by foreign capital eventually became “uncontainable” in the context of student revolt, thus culminating in a mass countercultural movement which directly challenged the state’s capacity to control the discourse of national identity.
When rock ‘n’ roll was introduced into Mexico in the late 1950s, it quickly came to epitomize “modern values” and, despite attacks from conservatives, a creolized version of this youth culture was eagerly grafted onto the modernizing aspirations of a rising middle class. The sudden rise of a massive, student-led protest movement against authoritarian rule in the nation’s capital during 1968, however, linked rock music with protest against the regime. Halted by a government massacre, in the movement’s wake a native countercultural movement–”La Onda”–emerged as a vehicle for resistance politics and an outlet for alternative articulations of self and national identity among youth.
The rise of a Mexican counterculture, however, was neither wholly spontaneous nor commercial-free: local and transnational …